Scientific Name: SphyrnidaeCommon Name: hammerhead shark Species Taxonomy: Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Cephalopoda Order: Octopoda Family: Opisthoteuthidae Genus: Grimpoteuthis What environment would your species be found? In water Species Habitat: ocean Species Diet: squid fish and octopus Species Predators: it is a predator Species Prey: squid fish octopus Three Adaptations that the species has: fins. Jaws, tail Species Reproduction Process: they fertilize their eggs Species Needs: food needs to live in water. Species Life Span: 30 years How is species affected by climate change: no How is species affected by humans: yes because they threat all speices What caused species to become extinct: not extinct When did this species live: today Interesting Fact about Species: head shaped like a hammer. Uses head to hunt for food Author: Juan Y Bibliography:
Scientific Name: Grimpoteuthis discoveryi Common Name: Dumbo Octopus Species Taxonomy: Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Cephalopoda Order: Octopoda Family: Opisthoteuthidae Genus: Grimpoteuthis What environment would your species be found? The Dumbo Octopus lives in the ocean. Species Habitat: The Dumbo Octopus lives in the deep ocean, at the ocean floor at extreme depths of about 9,800 to 13,000 feet. Species Diet: The Dumbo octopus eats a variety of crustaceans and plankton, like bivalve, worms on the sea bottom and copepods. Species Predators: Dumbo octopuses’ main predators are diving fishes and marine mammals, including tunas, sharks, killer whales, dolphins, and more. Species Prey: Prey include, worms, bivalve, copepods, isopods, amphipods, and different crustaceans. Three Adaptations that the species has: The Dumbo Octopus has developed long ear-like fin too help it move. It has also developed a webbing in between its tentacles to assist it with maneuvering its aquatic habitat. They also appear to have adapted to the intense pressure and cold temperatures of the deep ocean by forgoing propulsion and growing mantle fins. Species Reproduction Process: The Dumbo Octopus reproduces sexually. Males have a separate protuberance on one of their arms that transports an encapsulated sperm packet into the female’s mantle. After this process, it is hypothesized that the female can utilize sperm for fertilization at almost any time after this process, laying eggs when wanted. The eggs mature inside the female until they are ready to be laid. The hatchling length is unknown. Species Needs: This species needs water to live in, and food to eat. It also lives in the colder, deeper part of the ocean, so it’s zoo habitat must imitate these features. It also needs some light shelter or protection at a young age, so some plankton or sea plants may be needed. Species Life Span: Average lifespan of dumbo octopus is between 3 and 5 years. How is species affected by climate change: This species is very accustomed to cold water temperatures, so a climate change would offset or possibly hurt the Dumbo Octopus. How is species affected by humans: This species is not affected by humans, because of Its extremely deep ocean habitat. But, one way this species can be affected is with their diet. If humans overfish huge portions of their prey, their species could be harmed. What caused species to become extinct: This species is not extinct. When did this species live: This species evolution is not known, but it was discovered in 1882 and is still living. Interesting Fact about Species: This species does not produce ink for protection, its habitat being dark enough. When the female octopus has received sperm, she can use it to fertilize eggs any thing she wants. Males and females can be differentiated by the length of the suckers. Males have longer suckers and two tentacles that are used during mating. The Dumbo Octopus moves quickest with a fast release of water from its funnel. This technique of movement is used when dumbo octopus needs to escape from the predators. The Dumbo Octopus swallows its prey whole. Female does not take care of their young because new-born dumbo octopi are large in size, well developed, healthy and ready to survive by themselves. Author: Giana Bibliography : factzoo.com, en.m.wikipedia.org, MarineBio.org, softschools.com, dumbooctopusresource.weebly.com
Scientific Name: octopoda Common Name: blue ringed octopus Species Taxonomy: animal What environment would your species be found? Underwater Species Habitat: under the sea floor Species Diet: crabs scallops Species Predators: sharks dolphins Species Prey: crabs Three Adaptations that the species has: its poisonous it has camouflag can fit through very small space s Species Reproduction Process: In the male, the third right arm is specialized for reproduction and is called a hectocotylus. He uses this arm to insert a spermatophore (sperm packet) into the female Species needs: crustaceans, polychaete worms, and other molluscs such as whelks and clams while open-ocean octopuses eat mainly prawns, fish and other cephalopo Species Life Span: 3-5 years How is species affected by climate change: octopus reproduce so quickly and have such short generation times they are generally primed to adapt. How is species affected by humans: if a human has made contact with the blue ringed octopuses poison the Human can die in minutes What caused species to become extinct: it is still alive When did this species live: it is still alive Interesting Fact about Species: Author: Kashius Bibliography: Photo Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Bt1LvpZ1O References: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Octopus
Scientific Name: Chelonia Mydas Common Name: Green sea turtle Species Taxonomy: Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Reptilia Order: Testudiness Suborder: Cryptodira Clade: AmerichelydiaFamily: Cheloniidae Genus: Chelonia Species: C. Mydas What environment would your species be found? Found in Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian ocean Species Habitat: Live in Lagoons were they can eat sea grass; they migrate from hatching beaches to feeding grounds. Species Diet: sea grass; the diet changes as they develop; young eat jellyfish, eggs, worms, etc. Species Predators: Young are vulnerable to crabs and seagulls; humans and larger sharks are general predators to these turtles. Species Prey: vegetarian Three Adaptations that the species has: Has a hard shell for protection from predators; it has a beak-like mouth so it can eat sea grass; it has a flat-like body so it can swim in shallow waters Species Reproduction Process: after mating with a male the female turtle will come to the beach and lay her eggs in a hole. Sexual reproduction Species Needs: one need that turtles need is oxygen; green turtles need protection because they are in danger; stay cool- water; food; water Species Life Span: 80 to 100 years or more How is species affected by climate change: these turtles live in shallow water and with sea levels rising shallow water keeps getting pushed into the land How is species affected by humans: we produce light pollution and that is very harmful to the turtles; the turtles will go towards the light instead of the ocean and they can die that way. What caused species to become extinct: species is not extinct When did this species live: alive; endangered Interesting Fact about Species: Is not called green turtle because it's shell is green, but because it's skin is green Author: Eliza K Bibliography: Wikipedia Nation geographic National wildlife federation
Scientific Name: Vampyroteuthis infernalis Common Name: Vampire Squid 🐙 Species Taxonomy: Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Cephalopoda Order: Vampyromorphida Family: Vampyroteuthidae Genus: Vampyroteuthis Chun Species: Squid What environment would your species be found? The Vampire Squid is found in oceans. Species Habitat: The Vampire Squid is found in the oxygen minimum layer where virtually no light can penetrate. Species Diet: The Vampire Squid eats organic matter and debris that sinks to the depths of the squid. Species Predators: The predators of the Vampire squid are deep-diving fishes, pinniped whales and benthopelagic fishes. Species Prey: The prey they feed on is whatever live prey they can get and organic matter and debris. Three Adaptations that the species has: One adaptation is diving into deep depths. Second is swimming discreetly. Third is being able to change it's skin with the back ground of the water. Species Reproduction Process: Vampire Squids are asexual. Species Needs: The Vampire Squid needs no light, water ,and organic matter without that they will not survive. Species Life Span: Vampire squids are able to live up to eight years in its adult stage. How is species affected by climate change: How a Vampire Squid will be effected my climate change is that they won’t get to being in light or not getting used to eating the normal food it eats. How is species affected by humans: How Vampire Squids are being effected by Humans from them polluting the ocean. Sense oil is very dense it sinks so low even to the depths of 3,000 meters down into the ocean. That is the territory of the Vampire Squid. What caused species to become extinct: When did this species live: Currently alive Interesting Fact about Species: The Vampire Squid is related to the cuttlefish. Author: Anthony Bibliography: https://goo.gl/images/LWXQuI https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/90/Vampire_des_abysses.jpg http://www.aquariumofpacific.org/onlinelearningcenter/species/vampire_squid http://www.livescience.com/50534-vampire-squid-unique-spawning-strategy.html
Scientific Name: Carcharhinus leucas Common Name: Bull shark Species Taxonomy: Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Chondrichthyes Subclass: Elasmobranchii Superorder: Sleachimorpha Order: Charcharhiniformes Family: Carcharhinidae Genus: Carcharhinus What environment would your species be found? Bull sharks live throughout the world, in shallow, warm ocean waters Species Habitat: Unlike most sharks, bull sharks can survive in fresh water for long periods of time. Species Diet: The bull shark's diet consists mainly of bony fish and small sharks Species Predators: Human and Tiger sharks Species Prey: Fish, small sharks, sting rays Three Adaptations that the species has: 1. They have very sensitive noses and eyes. These adaptations helps them find prey to eat. 2. Bull sharks have can detect electricity in animals. This adaptation helps them find prey to eat. 3. Bull sharks can store salt in their bodies. This adaptation helps them hunt for food in rivers Species Reproduction Process: Pregnancy lasts 10 to 11 months. Males reach sexual maturity between 14 and 15 years, females only at about age 18. Species Needs: salt water and food Species Life Span: 16 years How is species affected by climate change: no information How is species affected by humans: These activities include shark finning, and getting trapped in fishing gear. ... Other shark threats include habitat Interesting Fact about Species: ? Author: Aiden Bibliography: ?
Scientific Name: Glaucus atlanticus Common Name: blue glaucusSpecies Taxonomy: Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Gastropoda Family: Glaucidae Genus: Glaucus Species: Atlanticus What environment would your species be found? This animal is found in the ocean. Species Habitat: The blue glaucus occurs in temperate and tropical waters throughout the world's oceans. Species Diet: The Glaucus atlanticus, or blue glaucus (Forster, 1777) is the only species of the genus Glaucus and only one of two species in the family Glaucidae.The animals float upside down at the surface of the sea, keeping afloat by swallowing air which is stored in their stomachs. Species Predators: Glaucus atlanticus is a voracious predator, feeding on some of the most dangerous hydrozoans known to humans. G. atlanticus is unharmed by the stinging cells (nematocysts) used for defense in its prey (Sterrer 1992, Rudman 1998. Species Prey: Glaucus atlanticus feeds on other pelagic creatures, including the venomous siphonophore, the Portuguese man o' war. Three Adaptations that the species has: These sea slugs are pelagic: they float upside down on the surface tension of the water, where they are carried along by the winds and ocean currents. Glaucus atlanticus is camouflaged: the blue side of their body faces upwards, blending in with the blue of the water. Species Reproduction Process: In reality, most sea slugs are hermaphrodite, allowing both slugs to produce egg strings after mating has occured. G.atlanticus has the tendency to lay down its eggs on floating pieces of wood, the remainings of its prey, or any other object or carcass that stays afloat. Species Needs: blue glaucus need webbed feet to swim. And they need to camouflage into their environment to hide from predators. Species Life Span: this species life span is about 1 month to 1 year. How is species affected by climate change: if this animals goes on land it could possibly die. How is species affected by humans: humans can hurt the animal by putting it on land were there is no water. Interesting Fact about Species: blue glaucus has been recorded from the east and south coasts of South Africa, European waters, the east coast of Australia, and Mozambique. Author: Ekere Bibliography: "Blue Glaucus - Glaucus atlanticus - Details." Encyclopedia of Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2017. The Liquid Earth." The Liquid Earth Site Wide Activity RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2017.
Scientific Name: Carcharodon CarchariasCommon Name: Great White Shark Species Taxonomy: Kingdom: Animalia. Phylum: Chordata. Class: Chondrichthyes. Order: Lamniformes. Family: Lamnidae. Genus: Carcharodon A. Smith 1838. Species: C. Carcharias. What environment would your species be found? The Ocean Species Habitat: Gulf of California, Southern Chile, The Galapagos, and Costal East Africa. Species Diet: Great White Sharks eat small halibut fish, bottle nose dolphins, beluga whales, sea turtles, sea lions, all sharks such as reef sharks, tiger sharks, black tips, and more. Species Predators: A great white sharks predator is mostly killer whales, but recently humans have been targeting them. Species Prey: A great white sharks eats everything possible. Such as small fish, stingrays, other sharks, sea lions, seals, small toothed whales, otters, sea turtles, and any dead animal. Three Adaptations that the species has: Teeth adaptations, Gill slits, Caudal Fin. Species Reproduction Process: A great white sharks reproduction process is sexual Species Needs: The great white shark needs to always keep moving, and needs to live in salt water, warm water is preferred. Species Life Span: according to www.livescience.com a great white shark can live up to 70 years. How is species affected by climate change: If the climate changes to much or gets too clod the sharks could die. These sharks prefer the warm salty water, but if the ocean gets too cold the sharks will stop, and give up. How is species affected by humans: Humans are targeting shark, and killing them. They are tagging them to find where they live, and mate. What caused species to become extinct: Great white sharks are targeted for sport fishing, and commercial fishing. Humans also attempt to kill them after a bite or attack. When a bite was only to see what the object is. They mean no harm what so ever. When did this species live: Great white sharks are believed to have been on the earth for 455 million to 425 million years. Although www.sharksavers.org states "Life is thought to have begun on earth about 3.8 billion years ago." Interesting Fact about Species: The article on the website, www.livescience.com states, "Great white sharks can detect 1 drop of blood in 25 gallons of water' Author: Grace Kn Bibliography:www.livescience.comwww.worldwildlife.orgwww.sharksavers.org